During the duration of this project, from August 1,2002 to July 24,2004, we have surveyed many different areas of Manitoba for plant Species at Risk. The Manitoba Conservation Data Centre defines Species at Risk as those with an SRANK of 3 or less where S1 means very rare in the province, S2 means rare in the province and S3 means uncommon in the province. We have identified a total of 29 different native plant species at risk, among them 9 species of native orchids and 3 medicinal plants of interest to First Nation communities. These plants were found at 44 different locations in the province (see list below). Native Orchid Conservation (NOCI) members put in over 900 hours of fieldwork conducting surveys in areas known to contain habitat suitable for rare plants. Some of the sites had not been surveyed for native orchids in more than 50 years.
Our trip to Riding Mountain National Park and Duck Mountain Provincial Park made it possible for us to have valuable input into the plans for management and development of these parks. The grant that we received from Mountain Equipment Cooperative also allowed six NOCI volunteers to take a trip to Churchill, where project funds paid for one-third of the expenses and each volunteer paid two-thirds of the expenses. We were able to locate and identify 17 plant Species at Risk, on this trip, as a result.
We have notified the Manitoba Conservation Data Centre of our findings so they can add them to their records. These records form the basis for conservation management of these rare species. We have GPS locations and photographs of most of them. Any specimens that we took were handed over to the University of Manitoba Herbarium. We notified the Department of Forestry, the peat moss companies and First Nation communities about the existence of these plants so they could help protect them. There were some special highlights to this survey.
We surveyed a bog near McCreary, Manitoba that has one of the largest concentrations of Heart Leaved Twayblade (Listera cordata) that we have ever seen as well as 8 other species of native orchids. What is so amazing about this finding is the bog is located in an area where intensive agriculture, farming and raising of cattle, has taken place for the last 100 years and yet somehow it has survived as part of a PFRA pasture.
We found Least Mouse tail (Myosorus minimus), a rare plant species that has not been seen for 55 years in Manitoba, in another PFRA pasture at Marble Ridge near Fisher Branch.
In Churchill, we managed to locate a patch of blooming Fairy Slipper Orchid (Calypso bulbosa) at East Twin Lake. It is by far the most northerly location, in Manitoba, where these plants have been seen. The nearest documented location, for these plants previous to this, was in Flin Flon, 280 miles to the south.
We plan to make a PowerPoint presentation of our findings at Churchill and have already made a display board with native orchids for the Churchill Northern Studies Centre.
The MEC grant also made it possible for us to participate as a member of the Brokenhead Wetlands Committee whose mandate is to have this rare wetland and the rare plant species therein protected. The legislative process is now underway to have the Brokenhead Wetlands declared an Ecological Reserve.
The remainder of the funds were used to fund public education projects such as field trips and the production of displays and brochures. Some of the photographs that we took on these trips will be used in our soon to be published book on the orchids of Manitoba.
In conclusion, we believe this project was successful and will help to protect plant species at risk in Manitoba.
|June 9/03||Northern Valerian||Valerian dioica||medicinal||Spruce Grove Trail near Fisher Branch|
|June 24/03||Striped Coralroot||Corallorhiza striata||S3||Child's Lake Duck Mtns|
|June 23/03||Showy Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium reginae||S3||N side PTH#10 near Neepawa|
|June 25/03||Franklin's Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium passerinum||S4||W Blue Lake Duck Mtns|
|June 24/03||Striped Coralroot||Corallorhiza striata||S3||Shell Valley Trail Duck Mtns|
|June 24/04||White Adder's Mouth||M.monophyllos var.brachypoda||S2||Milner Ridge|
|June 12/03||Richardson's Alumroot||Heuchera richardsonii||medicinal||Brokenhead Wetlands|
|July 5/03||White Adder's Mouth||M.monophyllos var.brachypoda||S2||Milner Ridge|
|July 5/03||Showy Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium reginae||S3||Milner Ridge|
|July 7/03||Showy Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium reginae||S3||South of Contour|
|July 7/03||Grass Pink||Calopogon tuberosus||S2||South of Contour|
|July 7/03||Trailing arbutus||Epigaea repens||S3||South of Contour|
|July 7/03||Checkered Rattlesnake-orchid||Goodyera tesselata||S2||South of Contour|
|July 15/03||Green Adder's Mouth||Malaxis unifolia||S2||Milner Ridge|
|July 15/03||Ram's-head Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium arietinum||S2||Milner Ridge|
|Aug 22/03||Sweet Flag||Acorus calamus||medicinal||FR#13-W|
|Aug 22/03||Showy Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium reginae||S3||FR#1-South|
|June 02/04||Least Mousetail||Myosorus minimus||S1||Marble Ridge near Fisher Branch|
|June 30/04||Large round-leaved orchid||Platanthera orbiculata||S3||McCreary Bog|
|June 30/04||Showy Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium reginae||S3||McCreary Bog|
|July 13/04||Yellow Star Grass||Hypoxia hirsuta||S3||off PTH#6, S of 83N|
|July 13/04||Showy Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium reginae||S3||off PTH#6, south of Pelican Creek|
|July 13/04||Ram's-head Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium arietinum||S2||E of PTH#6, 3km N of Devil's Lk|
|July 13/04||Showy Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium reginae||S3||Long Point Road|
|July 13/04||Showy Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium reginae||S3||overlook off Long Point Rd|
|July 13/04||White Adder's Mouth||M.monophyllos var.brachypoda||S2||end of Long Point Road|
|July 13/04||Large round-leaved orchid||Platanthera orbiculata||S3||Long Point Road|
|July 15/04||White Mountain Avens||Dryas integrifolia||S3||Dene Village, Churchill|
|July 15/04||Lapland Rosebay||Rhododendron lapponicum||S2||Dene Village, Churchill|
|July 15/04||Trailing Willow||Salix arctophila||S3||Dene Village, Churchill|
|July 15/04||Northern Twayblade||Listera borealis||S2||Dene Village, Churchill|
|July 15/04||Net-veined Willow||Salix reticulata||S3||Dene Village, Churchill|
|July 15/04||Erect Primrose||Primula stricta||S2||Cape Merry, Churchill|
|July 16/04||Alpine Azalea||Loiseleuria procumbens||S3||Twin Lakes Rd, Churchill|
|July 16/04||Fairy Slipper Orchid||Calypso bulbosa||far north||East Twin Lake, Churchill|
|July 16/04||Velvet Bells||Bartsia alpina||S2||Twin Lakes Rd, Churchill|
|July 16/04||Marsh Felwort||Lomatogonium rotatum||S2-S3||Coast Rd, Churchill|
|July 17/04||Seaside Mertensia||Mertensia maritima||S2||Coast Rd, Churchill|
|July 17/04||Sea Sandwort||Honckenya peploides||S2||Coast Rd, Churchill|
|July 17/04||Beautiful Cinquefoil||Ranunculus cymbalaria||S1-S2||Coast Rd, Churchill|
|July 18/04||Yellow Anemone||Anemone richardsonii||S3||Rocket Launch Area, Churchill|
|July 18/04||Flame-coloured Lousewort||Pedicularis flammea||S2||Rocket Launch Area, Churchill|
|July 20/04||Northern Twayblade||Listera borealis||S2||Nodwell Rd, Churchill|
|July 22/04||Ram's-head Lady's-slipper||Cypripedium arietinum||S2||E of PTH#6, 99km S of Grand Rapids|
Appendix B - Photographs
Least mousetail MarbleRidge 2004jun02
Showy lady's-slipper ForestryRd-4 2004jul07
Northern twayblade Churchill 2004jul15
Calypso Churchill 2004jul16
Seaside mertensia Churchill 2004jul17
Flame-coloured lousewort Churchill 2004jul18
|This project was funded by Mountain Equipment Co-op.|