Index to Gull Lake Species

Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. Balsam Fir
Acer negundo L. Manitoba Maple
Acer spicatum Lam. Mountain Maple
Achillea millefolium L. Common Yarrow
Achillea millefolium L. var.lanulosa(Nutt.) Piper Common Yarrow
Actaea rubra (Ait.) Willd. Red Baneberry
Actaea rubra (Ait.) Willd. f.neglecta (Gillman) Robins. White Baneberry
Agastache foeniculum (Pursh) Ktze. Giant Hyssop
Agrimonia striata Michx. Agrimony
Agrostis stolonifera L. Red Top
Alisma plantago-aquatica L. Water Plantain
Alnus crispa (Ait.) Pursh Green Alder
Alnus rugosa (Du Roi) Spreng. Speckled Alder
Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt. Saskatoon
Amerorchis rotundifolia (Banks) Hulten Small Round-leaved Orchid
Amphicarpa bracteata (L.) Fern Hog-peanut
Anaphalis margaritaceae (L.) Clarke Pearly Everlasting
Andromeda glaucophylla Link Bog Rosemary
Andromeda polifolia L. Dwarf Bog Rosemary
Androsace septentrionalis L. Pygmy-flower
Anemone cylindrica Gray Long-fruited Anemone
Anemone nemorosa L. European Wood Anemone
Anemone patens L. Prairie Crocus
Anemone quinquefolia L. var.interior Fern. Wood Anemone
Antennaria microphylla Rydb. Small-leaved Pussy-toes
Apocynum androsaemifolium L. var.incanum A. C. Spreading Dogbane
Aquilegia canadensis L. Wild Columbine
Arabis divaricarpa Nels. Purple Rock Cress
Arabis drummondii Gray Drummond's Rock Cress
Aralia nudicaulis L. Wild Sarsaparilla
Arceuthobium americanum Nutt. Dwarf Mistletoe
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. Bearberry
Arenaria laterflora L. Blunt-leaved Sandwort
Arenaria stricta Michx. var.dawsonensis (Britt.) Scoggan Dawson Sandwort
Arethusa bulbosa L. Dragon's Mouth Orchid
Armoracia rusticana (Lam.) Gaertn., Mey., & Scherb. Horseradish
Artemisia campestris L. Plains Wormwood
Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. Prairie Sage
Asarum canadense L. Wild Ginger
Asclepias incarnata L. Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias ovalifolia Dcne. Dwarf Milkweed
Asclepias speciosa Torr. Showy Milkweed
Aster borealis (T.&G.) Provencher Marsh or Rush Aster
Aster lateriflorus (L.) Britt. Calico Aster
Aster puniceus L. Purple-stemmed Aster
Aster umbellatus Mill. Flat-topped White Aster
Astragalus canadensis L. Canadian Milk Vetch
Berteroa incana (L.) DC. Hoary Alyssum
Betula glandulosa Michx. Dwarf Birch
Betula occidentalis Hook.. Water Birch
Betula papyrifera Marsh. Paper Birch
Betula pumila L. var.glandulifera Regel Swamp Birch
Bidens frondosa L. Common Beggarticks
Botrychium virginianum (L.) Sw. Virginia Grape Fern
Brassica rapa L. Field Mustard
Bromus ciliatus L. Fringed Brome
Bromus inermis Leyss. Smooth Brome
Bromus porteri (Coult.) Nash Porter's Chess
Calamagrostis neglecta (Ehrh.) Gaertn., Mey. & Scherb. Narrow Reed Grass
Calopogon pulchellus (Salisb.) R.Br. Swamp-pink; Grass-pink
Caltha palustris L. Marsh Marigold
Calypso bulbosa ( L.) Oakes Fairy or Venus-slipper
Campanula aparinoides Pursh Marsh Bellflower
Campanula rotundifolia L. Harebell
Cardamine pratensis L. Meadow Bitter Cress
Carex aquatilis Wahl. Water Sedge
Carex aurea Nutt. Golden Sedge
Carex bebbii Olney Bebb's Sedge
Carex capillaris L. Hair-like Sedge
Carex concinna R.Br. Beautiful Sedge
Carex disperma Dewey Two-seeded Sedge
Carex eburnea Boott Bristle-leaved Sedge
Carex gracillima Schwein. Slender Sedge
Carex gynocrates Wormskj. Northern Bog Sedge
Carex interior Bailey Inland Sedge
Carex lacustris Willd. Lakeshore Sedge
Carex lasiocarpa Ehrh. Hairy-fruited Sedge
Carex lasiocarpa Ehrh. var.americana Fern Hairy-fruited Sedge
Carex leptalea Wahl. Bristle-stalked Sedge
Carex limosa L. Mud Sedge
Carex peckii Howe Peck's Sedge
Carex prairea Dew. Prairie Sedge
Carex pseudo-cyperus L. Cyperus-like Sedge
Carex retrorsa Schwein. Turned Sedge
Carex scirpoidea Michx. Rush-like Sedge
Carex sterilis Willd. Sterile Sedge
Carex vaginata Tausch. Sheathed Sedge
Carex viridula Michx. Green Sedge
Carum carvi L. Caraway
Ceanothus herbaceus Raf. New Jersey Tea
Chenopodium capitatum (L.) Asch. Strawberry Blite
Cicuta maculata L. Water Hemlock
Circaea alpina L. Small Enchanter's Nightshade
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Canada Thistle
Cirsium muticum Michx. Milky Swamp Thistle
Cladium mariscoides (Muhl.) Torr. Twig Rush
Clintonia borealis (Ait.) Raf. Bluebead Lily
Coeloglossum viride Hartman Long-bracted Orchid
Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. Bastard Toadflax
Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. var.pallida (DC) Jones Pale Commandra
Convolvulus sepium L. Hedge Bindweed
Coptis trifolia (L.) Salisb. Goldthread
Corallorhiza maculata Raf. Spotted Coralroot
Corallorhiza striata Lindl. Striped Coralroot
Corallorhiza trifida Chat. Early Coralroot
Cornus canadensis L. Bunchberry
Cornus stolonifera Michx. Red-osier Dogwood
Corylus americana Walt. American Hazelnut
Corylus cornuta Marsh. Beaked Hazelnut
Crataegus rotundifolia Moensch Round-leaved Hawthorn
Crepis tectorum L. Narrow-leaved Hawk's-beard
Cynoglossum boreale Fern. Wild Comfrey
Cypripedium acaule Ait. Moccasin Flower; Pink/Stemless Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium arietinum R.Br. Ram's-head Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium calceolus L. var.pubescens (Willd.) Correll Large Yellow Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium calceolus L. var.parviflorum (Salisb.) Fern. Small Yellow Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium reginae Walt. Showy Lady's-slipper
Diervilla lonicera Mill. Bush Honeysuckle
Drosera anglica Huds. Oblong-leaved Sundew
Drosera linearis Goldie Slender-leaved Sundew
Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H. P. Fuchs Spinulose Wood Fern
Echinocystis lobata (Michx.) T.&G. Wild Cucumber
Eleocharis palustris (L.) R.&S. Creeping Spike-rush
Elymus canadensis L. Canada Wild Rye (**)
Empetrum nigrum L. Black Crowberry
Epilobium angustifolium L. Fireweed
Epilobium palustre L. Marsh Willowherb
Epilobium watsonii Barbey Northern Willowherb
Equisetum arvense L. Common Horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile L. Swamp Horsetail
Equisetum hyemale L. ssp. affine (Engelm.) Stone Common Scouring-rush
Equisetum pratense Ehrh. Meadow Horsetail
Equisetum sylvaticum L. Woodland Horsetail
Equisetum variegatum Schleich. Variegated Horsetail
Erigeron canadensis L. Horseweed
Erigeron philadelphicus L. Philadelphia Fleabane
Erigeron strigosus Muhl. Lesser Daisy Fleabane
Eriophorum angustifolium Honckeny Tall Cotton-grass
Eriophorum vaginatum L. ssp.spissum (Fern.) Hult. Sheathed Cotton-grass
Eupatorium purpureum L. var.maculatum (L.) Darl. Spotted Joe-Pye-Weed
Fragaria virginiana Dcne. Smooth Wild Strawberry
Fraxinus nigra Marsh. Black Ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. Green Ash
Galium boreale L. Northern Bedstraw
Galium triforum Michx. Sweet-scented Bedstraw
Gentiana andrewsii Griseb. Closed Gentian
Gentianella crinita (Froel.) Don ssp.macounii (Holm.) Gillett Fringed Gentian
Geocaulon lividum (Richards.) Fern. Northern Comandra
Glyceria striata (Lam.) Hitchc. Fowl Manna Grass
Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br. var.ophiodes Fern. Lesser Rattlesnake Plantain
Goodyera tesselata Lodd.. Tesselated Rattlesnake Plantain
Gymnocarpium dryopteris (L.) Newm. Oak Fern
Helenia deflexa (Sm.) Griseb. Spurred Gentian
Helianthus maximilianii Schrad. Narrow-leaved Sunflower
Heracleum lanatum Michx. Cow Parsnip
Heuchera richardsonii R.Br. Alumroot
Hieracium scabriusculum Schwein Hawkweed
Hierochloe odorata (L.) Beauv. Sweet Grass
Humulus lupulus L. Common Hop
Impatiens capensis Meerb. Spotted Touch-me-not
Iris versicolor L. Blue Flag
Juncus alpinus Vill. Alpine Rush
Juncus balticus Willd. Baltic Rush
Juncus dudleyi Weig. Dudley's Rush
Juncus nodosus L. Knotted Rush
Juniperus communis L. Low Juniper
Kalmia polifolia Wang. Pale Bog-laurel
Lactuca scariola L. Lobed Prickly Lettuce
Lappula myosotis Moench Bluebur
Larix laricina (Du Roi) Koch Tamarack
Lathyrus ochroleucus Hook. Cream-coloured Vetchling
Lathyrus venosus Muhl. var.intonsus Butt. & St. John Wild Peavine
Ledum groenlandicum Oeder. Labrador Tea
Lemna minor L. Duckweed
Linaria vulgaris Hill Butter and Eggs
Linnaea borealis L. Twinflower
Liparis loeselii (L.) Richard Loesel's Twayblade
Listera cordata (L.) R.Br. Heart-leaved Twayblade
Lithospermum canescens (Michx.) Lehm. Hoary Puccoon
Lobelia kalmii L. Kalm's Lobelia
Lonicera dioica L. Twining Honeysuckle
Lonicera oblongifolia (Goldie) Hook. Swamp Fly Honeysuckle
Lonicera villosa (Michx.) R.&S. Blue Fly Honeysuckle
Lycopodium annotinum L. Stiff Clubmoss
Lycopus asper Greene Western Water-horehound
Lysimachia thyrsiflora L. Tufted Loosestrife
Lythrum salicaria L. Purple Loosestrife
Maianthemum canadense Desf. var.interius Fern. Two-leaved Solomon's Seal
Malaxis monophyllus (L.) Sw. White Adder's-mouth
Malaxis paludosa (L.) Sw. Bog Adder's-mouth
Malaxis unifolia Michx. Green Adder's-mouth
Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro Ostrich Fern
Medicago lupulina L. Black Medic
Medicago sativa L. Alfalfa
Melilotus alba Desr. White Sweet Clover
Melilotus officinale (L.) Pallas Yellow Sweet Clover
Menispermum canadense L. Moonseed
Mentha arvensis L. var.villosa (Benth.) Stewart Field Mint
Menyanthes trifoliata L. Buck Bean
Mitella nuda L. Bishop's Cap
Monarda fistulosa L. Wild Bergamot
Monenses uniflora (L.) Gray One-flowered Wintergreen
Monotropa uniflora L. Indian Pipe
Muhlenbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin. var.cinnoides (Link.) Herm. Bog Muhly
Myrica gale L. Sweet Gale
Nuphar variegatum Engelm. Yellow Pond Lily
Oenothera biennis L. Evening Primrose
Oryzopsis asperifolia Michx. Mountain Rice Grass
Oryzopsis pungens (Torr.) Hitchc. Northern Rice Grass
Osmorhiza longistilis (Torr.) DC. Smooth Sweet Cicely
Oxycoccus microcarpus Turcz. Small Bog Cranberry
Parnassia palustris L. Northern Grass-of-Parnassus
Parnassia palustris L. var. neogaea Fern. Grass-of-Parnassus
Parthenocissus inserta (Kerner) K. Fritsch Large-toothed Virginia Creeper
Pastinaca sativa L. Parsnip
Pedicularis canadensis L. Common Lousewort
Pedicularis lanceolata Michx. Swamp Lousewort
Petasites palmatus (Ait.) Gray Palmate-leaved Coltsfoot
Petasites sagittatus (Pursh) Gray Arrow-leaved Coltsfoot
Phleum pratense L. Timothy
Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP Black Spruce
Pinguicula vulgaris L. Common Butterwort
Pinus banksiana Lamb. Jack Pine
Platanthera dilitata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck Tall Leafy White Orchid
Platanthera hookeri (Torr.) Lindl. Hooker's Orchid
Platanthera hyperborea Lindley Tall Leafy Green Orchid
Platanthera obtusata Lindley Blunt Leaf Orchid
Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindley Large Round Leaf Orchid
Poa compressa L. Canada Blue Grass
Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker Rose Pogonia
Polygala paucifolia Willd. Fringed Milkwort
Polygala paucifolia Willd. f.alba Wheelcock White Fringed Milkwort
Polygala senega L. Seneca Snakeroot
Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell. Common Solomon's Seal
Polygonum amphibium L. var.stipulaceum (Coleman) Fern. Water Smartweed
Polygonum lapathifolium L. Common Lady's Thumb
Populus balsamifera L. Balsam Poplar, Black Poplar
Populus tremuloides Michx. Trembling Aspen, White Poplar
Potamogeton natans L. Pondweed
Potentilla argentea L. Silvery Cinquefoil
Potentilla arguta Pursh White Cinquefoil
Potentilla fruticosa L. Shrubby Cinquefoil
Potentilla gracilis Dougl. Graceful Cinquefoil
Potentilla norvegica L. Rough Cinquefoil
Potentilla tridentata Ait. Three-toothed Cinquefoil
Prenanthes alba L. White Lettuce
Primula egaliksensis Wormsk. Greenland Primrose
Prunus nigra Ait. Wild Plum
Prunus pensylvanica L.f. Pin Cherry
Prunus virginiana L. Chokecherry
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn Bracken Fern
Pyrola asarifolia Michx. Common Pink Wintergreen
Pyrola rotundifolia L. Round-leaved Wintergreen
Quercus macrocarpa Michx. Bur Oak
Ranunculus gmelinii DC. var.hookeri (Don) Benson Small Yellow Water Crowfoot
Ranunculus macounii Britt. Macoun's Buttercup
Ranunculus pedatifidus Sm. var.cardiophyllus (Hook.) Britt. Heart-leaved Butercup
Rhamnus alnifolia L'Her. Alder-leaved Buckthorn
Rhus glabra L. Smooth Sumac
Rhus radicans L. Poison Ivy
Rhynchospora alba (L.) Vahl. White Beak-rush
Rhynchospora capillacea Torr. Slender Beak-rush
Ribes glandulosum Grauer Skunk Currant
Ribes hudsonianum Richards. Northern Wild Black Currant
Ribes oxyacanthoides L. var.hirtellum (Michx.) Scoggan Bristly Wild Gooseberry
Ribes triste Pall. Wild Red Currant
Rosa acicularis Lindl. Prickly Rose
Rosa blanda Ait. Smooth Rose
Rubus chamaemorus L. Cloudberry
Rubus idaeus L. Raspberry
Rubus pubescens Raf. Dewberry
Rumex crispus L. Curly-leaf Dock
Sagittaria latifolia Willd. Broad-leaved Arrowhead
Salix bebbiana Sarg. Bebb'sWillow
Salix candida Flugge. Hoary Willow
Salix discolor Muhl. Pussy Willow
Salix glauca L. SmoothWillow
Salix pellita Anderss. Satin Willow
Salix pentandra L. Bay-leaved Willow (**)
Salix petiolaris Sm. Slender Willow
Salix phylicifolia L. var.planifolia (Pursh) Hiitonen Tea-leaved Willow
Salix serissima (Bailey) Fern. Autumn Willow
Sanicula marilandica L. Black Snakeroot
Saponaria officinalis L. Soapwort
Sarracenia purpurea L. Pitcher Plant
Scirpus caespitosus L. Tufted Bulrush
Scirpus hudsonianus (Michx.) Fern. Alpine Cotton -grass
Scirpus lacustris L. ssp.validus(Vahl) Koyama Great Bulrush
Scirpus microcarpus Presl. Small-fruited Bulrush
Scutellaria epilobiifolia Hamilton Common Skullcap
Selaginella rupestris (L.) Spring Rock Spike-moss
Senecio aureus L. Golden Ragwort
Senecio pauperculus Michx. Ragwort
Shepherdia canadensis (L.) Nutt. Soapberry
Silene cserei Baumg. Smooth Catchfly
Sisyrinchium montanum Greene Blue-eyed Grass
Sium sauve Walt. Water Parsnip
Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf. Star-flowered Solomon's Seal
Smilacina trifolia (L.) Desf. Three-leaved Solomon's Seal
Smilax herbacea L. Carrion Flower
Solidago canadensis L. var.canadensis Canada Goldenrod
Solidago canadensis L.var.gilvocanescens Rydb. Canescent Goldenrod
Solidago gigantea Ait. Late Goldenrod
Solidago graminifolia (L.) Salsib. Flat-topped Goldenrod
Solidago missouriensis Nutt. Low Goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis Ait. Showy Goldenrod
Solidago uliginosa Nutt. Marsh Goldenrod
Sonchus arvensis L. Perennial Sow Thistle
Sorbus decora (Sarg.) Schneid. Mountain Ash
Spiraea alba Du Roi Narrow-leaved Meadowsweet
Spiranthes lacera Raf. Slender Ladies'-tresses
Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. Hooded Ladies'-tresses
Steironema ciliatum (L.) Raf. Fringed Loosestrife
Streptopus roseus Michx. var.perspectus Fassett Rose Mandarin
Symphoricarpos occidentalis Hook. Western Snowberry
Thalictrum dasycarpum Fisch. & Lall. Tall Meadow Rue
Thalictrum sparsiflorum Turcz. Few-flowered Meadow Rue
Thuja occidentalis L. Eastern White Cedar
Tofieldia glutinosa (Michx.) Pers. Sticky Asphodel
Tragopogon dubius Scop. Yellow Goat's Beard
Trientalis borealis Raf. Northern Starflower
Trifolium repens L. White Clover
Triglochin maritima L. Seaside Arrow-grass
Triglochin palustris L. Marsh Arrow-grass
Trillium cernuum L. Nodding Trillium
Typha angustifolia L. Narrow-leaved Cattail
Typha latifolia L. Common Cattail
Urtica dioica L. Stinging Nettle
Utricularia cornuta Michx. Horned Bladderwort
Utricularia intermedia Hayne Flat-leaved Bladderwort
Utricularia vulgaris L. Common Bladderwort
Vaccinium angustifolium Ait. Blueberry
Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. Dry-ground Cranberry
Verbascum thapsus L. Common Mullein
Viburnum lentago L. Nannyberry
Viburnum opulus L. var.americanum Ait High-bush Cranberry
Viburnum rafinesquianum Schultes Downy Arrow-wood
Vicia americana Muhl. American Vetch
Viola adunca Sm. Early Blue Violet
Viola blanda Willd. Sweet White Violet
Viola nephrophylla Greene Northern Bog Violet
Viola palustris L. Marsh Violet
Viola pubescens Ait. Downy Yellow Violet
Viola renifolia Gray Kidney-leaved Violet
Zizia aptera (Gray) Fern. Heart-leaved Alexanders
Zizia aurea (L.) Koch Golden Alexanders

Also observed were:
Chara sp. an unusual alga which grows in wet areas high in calcium and magnesium; and
Club lichens: Cladonia spp. and Cladina spp.


Provincially and Nationally Rare Vascular Plants at Gull Lake

Arethusa bulbosa L. Dragon's Mouth Orchid
Calopogon pulchellus (Salisb.) R.Br. Swamp-pink; Grass-pink
Carex gracillima Schwein. Slender Sedge
Carex sterilis Willd. Sterile Sedge
Ceanothus herbaceus Raf. New Jersey Tea
Cladium mariscoides (Muhl.) Torr. Twig Rush
Cypripedium arietinum R.Br. Ram's-head Lady's-slipper
Drosera anglica Huds. Oblong-leaved Sundew
Drosera linearis Goldie Slender-leaved Sundew
Goodyera tesselata Lodd.. Tesselated Rattlesnake Plantain
Malaxis monophyllus (L.) Sw. White Adder's-mouth
*Malaxis paludosa (L.) Sw. Bog Adder's-mouth
Malaxis unifolia Michx. Green Adder's-mouth
Platanthera hookeri (Torr.) Lindl. Hooker's Orchid
Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker Rose Pogonia
Potentilla gracilis Dougl. Graceful Cinquefoil
Primula egaliksensis Wormsk. Greenland Primrose
Pyrola rotundifolia L. Round-leaved Wintergreen
Rhynchospora alba (L.) Vahl. White Beak-rush
Rhynchospora capillacea Torr. Slender Beak-rush
Solidago uliginosa Nutt. Marsh Goldenrod
Utricularia cornuta Michx. Horned Bladderwort

Also observed was: Chara sp. a rare alga which grows in wet areas high in calcium and magnesium.

* nationally rare species


Index of Gull Lake Orchid Species

Amerorchis rotundifolia (Banks) Hulten Small Round-leaved Orchid
Arethusa bulbosa L. Dragon's Mouth Orchid
Calopogon pulchellus (Salisb.) R.Br. Swamp-pink; Grass-pink
Calypso bulbosa ( L.) Oakes Fairy or Venus-slipper
Coeloglossum viride Hartman Long-bracted Orchid
Corallorhiza maculata Raf. Spotted Coralroot
Corallorhiza striata Lindl. Striped Coralroot
Corallorhiza trifida Chat. Early Coralroot
Cypripedium acaule Ait. Moccasin Flower; Pink/Stemless L-s
Cypripedium arietinum R.Br. Ram's-head Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium calceolus L. var.parviflorum (Salisb.) Fern. Small Yellow Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium calceolus L. var.pubescens (Willd.) Correll Large Yellow Lady's-slipper
Cypripedium reginae Walt. Showy Lady's-slipper
Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br. var.ophiodes Fern. Lesser Rattlesnake Plantain
Goodyera tesselata Lodd.. Tesselated Rattlesnake Plantain
Liparis loeselii (L.) Richard Loesel's Twayblade
Listera cordata (L.) R.Br. Heart-leaved Twayblade
Malaxis monophyllus (L.) Sw. White Adder's-mouth
Malaxis paludosa (L.) Sw. Bog Adder's-mouth
Malaxis unifolia Michx. Green Adder's-mouth
Platanthera dilitata (Pursh) Lindl. ex Beck Tall Leafy White Orchid
Platanthera hookeri (Torr.) Lindl. Hooker's Orchid
Platanthera hyperborea Lindley Tall Leafy Green Orchid
Platanthera obtusata Lindley Blunt Leaf Orchid
Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindley Large Round-Leaf Orchid
Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker Rose Pogonia
Spiranthes lacera Raf. Slender Ladies'-tresses
Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham. Hooded Ladies'-tresses